Tulips Info and Care
Tulips are herbaceous perennials from the Liliaceae family and one of the most beautiful flowering bulbs that give us the first signs of spring.
Tulips are native to Asia Minor and Central Asia but were brought to Europe by the Ottoman Empire as a gift from the Sultan.
The Netherlands is the largest and most famous tulip producer, so it is often referred to as the Land of tulips.
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There are over 12 thousand cultivated varieties of crossbreeds grown exclusively as ornamentals. Since many tulip hybrids are primarily grown for the cut flower industry, they are more annual or biennial plants than perennials.
According to the time of flowering, tulip cultivars are divided into early varieties (bloom until mid-April), mid varieties (bloom in the second half of April), and late varieties (bloom in May). Tulips can also be classified by height, shape, and color of flowers.
If you decide to grow tulips, plant a few of the early, mid, and late-season tulips to keep your garden colorful for as long as possible.
Most tulips produce only one rather remarkable cup-shaped, odorless flower per stalk, but some species can produce several flowers. The flower is usually between three to eight inches long, while the plant can grow between nine to 24 inches.
You can find tulips in any color imaginable thanks to this hybridization. The seemingly endless color richness and simple cultivation make them a great focal point of any garden.
Additionally, since tulips give the interior elegance and sophistication, they are also an excellent vase flower.
- World renowned for their deep purple flames and tall showy look
- Bloom in mid spring in planting zones 3-8, Full grown height is 20"-22"
- Perennial flower that grows back year after year, easy to grow
- Requires either full sun or partial shade
- Perfect for any garden, flower bed or outdoor living area
When to Plant Tulips Bulbs
Adult bulbs are planted in the fall (September or October) to a depth of about 6 inches. Separate bulbs at least 2-3 inches from each other, but plant them in groups to bring out the best from your garden with tulip’s cheerful colors. Bury the bulbs in the ground with the pointy tip facing up.
Tulips are big lovers of the sun. They can grow in partially sunny spots but prefer lots of sun, so make sure you provide them with a place that receives at least 6 hours of direct sunlight. If there is no such place in your garden, fear not because tulips can be planted even under trees – in the spring, bare tree branches will not be an obstacle when tulips bloom and need large amounts of sun’s energy.
Contrary to their light needs, tulips do not need much water. Following planting, you need to water them once thoroughly. After that, feel free to forget about them because the rain will take care of the rest. If you live in a region that goes through long periods of drought, it is necessary to water the tulips every week.
When digging a hole for tulips in the garden, you can turn over the soil beneath the spot where you will plant the bulb since tulips prefer loose and airy soil. They also like neutral to slightly acidic soil treated with compost.
Tulips don’t ask for much when it comes to fertilizing, as you need to apply fertilizer only twice a year. However, you will lengthen the plant’s life and enable better and faster-growing flowers by applying fertilizer.
When planting tulips, mix compost, bone meal, or balanced fertilizer with the top layer of soil. Adding fertilizer to lower layers can burn the roots. The second time you should enrich the soil is when new green shoots appear in the spring.
If you want to get the best spring flower display from year to year, prune tulips after they bloom in the spring. Cut off only the flower stem when the flowers fade by snipping at the base. Do not cut the foliage as they will keep absorbing sunlight and nutrients for the bulb, which will result in better growth next year.
Propagation of tulips is done in the fall. Firstly, you need to dig up the bulbs, after which you will remove the small offset bulbs located next to the mother bulb. Then, replant the bulbs separately at a depth of four to eight inches (exact depth depends on the size of the bulb). The newly planted bulbs do not bloom but only develop foliage for the first couple of years.
Tulips are hardy spring bulbs resistant to low temperatures and can survive in the ground during the winter. If you live in an area with a cold climate, you can remove them from the soil after the foliage withers and die. After digging the bulbs, dry them, and store them in a dark and cool place.
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