Trees for Small Gardens

Just because your garden is small, don't think you can't have trees. Here's a selection of slow growing or naturally small trees for you to consider.

Acacia

This small tree is grown for its foliage and small flowers. The varieties range from tender to frost hardy and they need full sun and a well-drained soil. 

Acer Palmatum
Also known as Japanese Maples, these lovely trees have lovely dissected leaves and come in a variety of colours from deep red to green. It is hardy in temperate climates and grows on most fertile soils but prefers one that is slightly acid. If you want to know more, see Japanese Maples for a list of specialist pages. 

Cordyline
This is a slow growing tree from Australia with a palmlike appearance. It is half hardy to tender but I have grown it in a sheltered spot in a garden in Southern England and it has survived several winters without additional protection. It likes fertile, well drained soil. 

Cornus
Commonly called the dogwood, they are grown for their foliage, flowers or coloured stems in winter depending on the variety. The range from hardy to half hardy and should be planted in sun or semi shade in fertile, well drained soil. 

Eucalyptus
This fast growing Australian tree can qualify for a small garden because the tree can be cut hard back in spring. Not only does this restrict its height, it also keeps the young foliage which is more attractive than that on an older tree. The varieties vary from hardy to frost to tender so check before buying. They need full sun and shelter from strong winds as well as a well drained fertile soil. 

Holly
The Latin name is Ilex and the most common holly is Ilex Aquifolium. They vary in height so you must take care in choosing a variety suitable for your garden. They can be clipped back and used for hedging. If you want berries you must buy a male and female holly as berries are only found on the female. Hollies are hardy and prefer well drained soil and will grow in sun or shade. Don't try to transplant it because it will surely die! 

Laburnum
This small tree has lovely pendulous flowers in spring and early summer but the seeds are very poisonous so it should not be grown if you have young children who may eat them. It is hardy and grows best in full sun in any kind of soil as long as it isn't boggy. 

Magnolia
This is another tree where mature heights vary with different types so check before buying. They are grown for their dramatic flowers which are often scented. Although they are hardy, flower buds can be damaged by late frosts. They should be grown in sun or semi shade with shelter from the wind. All types like fertile, well drained soil but some only do well on alkaline chalky soil whilst others need an acid soil so check before buying. 

Malus
Better known as the crab apple, this decorative tree also gives fruits that can be used in preserves. They are especially good for adding to jams and jellies using fruit like blackberries that are low in pectin. They are hardy and do best in full sun. They are not fussy about soil but don't like boggy ground. 

Prunus
These genus of trees and shrubs is better known as the cherry and the ornamental types are grown for their wonderful flowers that can engulf the whole tree. The flowers vary in colour and the trees in height depending on the variety so choose carefully. They can be grown in any soil as long as it isn't waterlogged. 

Sorbus
You probably know Sorbus Aucuparia as the rowan or mountain ash, planted in times past in the UK to ward off evil spirits or the evil eye. These pretty trees are grown for their foliage, flowers and fruits. They are hardy and can be grown in sun or semi shade in fertile, well drained soil. 

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