Hibiscus Info and Care: Growing Guide

Hibiscus Info and Care: Growing Guide

The hibiscus plant is a species of flowering shrub that grows in tropical and subtropical regions around the world. Commonly used as an indoor houseplant, this sun-loving flower can be grown in gardens and containers year-round.

For more information about how to grow, care for, prune, and propagate this colorful plant, read on!

Hibiscus is a beautiful, tropical flower that can be found in many parts of the world. It has become increasingly popular as a cut flower due to its bright colors, long blooming season, and low maintenance requirements. 

But the real appeal of the hibiscus lies in the fact that it is a very easy plant to grow from seed, making it a great choice for beginners and experienced gardeners alike. Here are the most important things to know about hibiscus before you start growing your own hibiscus.

Hibiscus Care and Info

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Caring For Your Plant:

Basic Hibiscus Info:

Many hibiscus plants are grown from seed and can have different care requirements depending on the type.

Hibiscus is a member of the Malvaceae family. The hibiscus is a large, perennial shrub that can grow up to 6 meters tall. It is used as a decorative flowering plant, but it is also used in food, such as jams, sauces, jellies, beverages, and even ice cream.

Hibiscus comes in a wide range of colors and sizes, making it easy to find the perfect one for you. The different types of hibiscus include:

  • Hibiscus syriacus
  • Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
  • Hibiscus mutabilis

Lighting Requirements For Hibiscus:

Hibiscus plants are quite easy to care for and only require bright, direct light. If they are not getting at least 6 to 8 hours of bright, direct sunlight a day, then the flowers may begin to lose their vibrant color and can even fall off early. Hibiscus plants should be positioned about 20 to 24 inches away from the window and be sure to turn them as the sun travels across the sky for even exposure.

Hibiscus Watering Requirements:

Hibiscus plants need regular watering. Water well during the growth period and moderately once-blooming begin.

Hibiscus plants are drought tolerant and can be grown in xeric (dry) conditions. The plant will bloom more abundantly with adequate water, but you can grow hibiscus with little water but don’t confuse drought hardy with water hogs. Drought tolerant does not mean it can survive on neglect alone. Hibiscus likes a drink about once a week. Moisture is important for good growth.

Soil Requirements For Hibiscus:

Hibiscus plants grow in a variety of soils, including sandy and loamy soils, but they do best when they have acidic soils with a pH between 5 and 6.

Most gardeners use a mix of organic material and topsoil to ensure the best growing conditions. You can mix 1/3 topsoil, 1/3 compost, and 1/3 peat moss to create the perfect hibiscus potting soil.

Temperature Requirements For Hibiscus:

Hibiscus is considered a tropical flower and thrives in warm temperatures between 68-80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Hibiscus can be grown in both warm and cold climates, though they will need extra protection from freezing temperatures. If you are growing hibiscus in a cold climate, be sure to test the hardiness of your plant before planting it outside.

Flowering Period:

Hibiscus flowers can be found from June to October, though they will begin blooming earlier in warmer regions and later in colder regions.

Requirement for Pruning and Propagating if Needed:

As with many flowering plants, pruning is an integral part of hibiscus care. Not only does pruning keep the flower bush looking healthy, but it allows for increased air circulation, makes the plant more manageable, and encourages flowering and new growth.

Propagating

Propagating hibiscus plants from seed is one of the easiest ways to grow your own hibiscus. Sow your hibiscus seeds indoors at a temperature of about 70 F, or about 21 C. It takes about 2 months for hibiscus to germinate so be patient if the seeds are slow to sprout.

Prepare Hibiscus For Winter

As with all of your annuals, you need to begin preparing your hibiscus plants for winter. As they begin entering the dormant winter season, hibiscus care begins to change.

Between October and November, begin to cut back your hibiscus’s leaves to help prepare them for the winter to come. However, do not cut it back to the bare stem. Cut back the leaves until you see a few new leaves that have sprouted.

In colder regions of the world, hibiscus is often grown as an annual. When temperatures begin to drop, prune back your hibiscus. You can also mulch the root zone to protect it from frost.

In warmer regions, it can grow as a perennial plant.

Common Pests and Disease:

While hibiscus is generally pest and disease-free, they are occasionally plagued by troublesome insects such as spider mites and aphids. For spider mites, spray with insecticidal soap or horticultural oil. For aphids, use an insecticidal soap spray or insecticidal oil. For more serious infestations, contact your local garden center for help.

Final Thought

Hibiscus is an easy plant to grow and a wonderful addition to your garden. If you are looking for a low-maintenance plant, the hibiscus is a perfect choice. If you are looking for a more tropical look, then a large specimen hibiscus may be your choice. Hibiscus is a plant that is great for beginners and experts alike.

We hope this article was helpful in providing you with some information on how to grow hibiscus. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them below.

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